Artikel om ögonstyrd dator

Ögonstyrning

Assistive Technology. 2017; Early online. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2017.1307882

Gaze-controlled communication technology for children with severe multiple disabilities: Parents and professionals’ perception of gains, obstacles, and prerequisites

Holmqvist, E., Thunberg, G., & Peny Dahlstrand, M.

Enligt föräldrar och professionella kan ögonstyrda datorer öppna möjligheter för barn och ungdomar med flera och stora funktionsnedsättningar till inlärning, att kommunicera och delta aktivt. Tekniska problem och praktiska problem upplevdes som hindrande och viktiga förutsättningar var bland annat samarbete mellan familjer och terapeuter och ett motiverande innehåll.

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to explore parents’ and professionals’ thoughts of how a gaze-controlled computer
can be beneficial to children with severe multiple disabilities. All systems were provided primarily for symbolbased
communication, but were also used for other purposes such as play, leisure and school activities. A
further aim was to investigate factors affecting usability, specifically for communication.
The study used a qualitative approach, involving content analysis of semistructured interviews with the
children’s key persons (N = 11). The analysis yielded three categories and twelve subcategories. There were
gains for the children in terms of empowerment, social interaction, learning opportunities and efficient
computer use. Inaccessibility, liability issues and technical failure were seen as obstacles, while the
prerequisites included time, collaboration, stimulating content, know-how and opportunities. To sum
up, this study suggests that gaze-controlled technology can provide children who have multiple disabilities
involving severe motor dysfunction and communicative and cognitive problems with new opportunities
to communicate, interact and perform activities independently, as long as conditions are right.

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